Indonesian Forestry 101: Classification and Utilization of Forestry Areas
Indonesia can boast some of the most extensive and biologically diverse areas of tropical forest in the world. Moreover, the country’s forests have amazing potential for development and utilization, and many individuals and businesses are attempting to utilize and even exploit the entirety of the natural resources contained therein to the very limits of their abilities. However, limits have indeed been set on the utilization of the country’s forests in order to ensure balance and the overall protection of the environment. Indonesia’s forests are controlled under several laws and regulations, including Law No. 41 of 1999 on Forestry, Law No. 5 of 1990 on the Conservation of Living Natural Resources and Ecosystems and Law No. 32 of 2009 on the Protection and Management of the Environment. This week’s ILD offers a general outline of Indonesia’s forests and their various classifications, as well as the procedures which have to be followed in order to secure permits for the utilization of timber and/or non-timber forestry products in areas of production forest.
Startups 101: Business Models and General Licenses
As one of the most populous nations in the world, not to mention one of Asia's most vibrant marketplaces, Indonesia offers numerous opportunities for the development of profitable startup companies. And indeed, many young entrepreneurs are currently attempting to establish startups across Indonesia. However, in doing so, there are a number of important areas that have to be considered, such as the formulation of a suitable business model and the securing of the necessary licenses. This week’s ILD offers a general outline of a number of different business models which are suitable for startups, as well as a rundown of the various licenses that should be secured by entrepreneurs prior to the rendering of any services to the general public.
Tax, Customs and Excise Breaks for Businesses Located Within Special Economic Zones
Since the official implementation of the Tax-Amnesty program last July, which mandates that certain assets should be repatriated to Indonesia, the government is pushing forward with a number of initiatives relating to the channeling of future investments. One alternative open to any new investors is the option to establish businesses in special economic zones (Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus – “KEK”). In order to accommodate this initiative, the Minister of Finance has issued Regulation No. 104/PMK.010/2016 on Tax, Customs and Excise Treatments in Special Economic Zones (“2016 Regulation”). In essence, this regulation set out further details relating to the various tax, custom and excise facilities, as well as various breaks which can be enjoyed by any companies or businesses which are engaging in commercial activities within KEKs.
First Regulation On Pawnbroker Businesses Since the Colonial Era Issued
Pawnbroker businesses are among some of the oldest in Indonesia, however, to date, no comprehensive regulation has ever been issued which addresses the pawnbroker industry directly. Now however, in a bid to prevent any illegal practices being engaged in by pawnbroker businesses and also to afford maximum consumer protection to the general public, the OJK has finally issued Regulation No. 31/POJK.05/2016 on Pawnbroker Businesses. In essence, this new regulation sets out several obligations for pawnbroker businesses relating to the securing of business licenses prior to the rendering of any service to the general public. Moreover, already existing pawnbroker businesses are now required to register themselves with the OJK in order to continue with their business activities.
The Supreme Court: Bureaucratic Reform for a Cleaner Future
The Chief of the Supreme Court has just issued three new regulations in a bid to improve the performance of the countries court system, both internally and externally.
Draft Bill on Industrial Design: An Important Area So Often Forgotten
The government’s efforts to improve intellectual-property protection, as well as stimulate the country’s creative industries, continue apace. This time around, the laudable goal is being manifested through the creation of a whole new legal framework on industrial design, which will repeal and replace the currently obsolete Law No. 31 of 2000 on Industrial Design.
Bill on Patents: Towards a More Innovative Nation
In a bid to realize a more conducive environment for innovation within Indonesia, the House of Representatives (House) finally passed the Bill on Patents on 28 July 2016. The Bill sets out a new framework for the implementation and protection of patent rights in Indonesia, an area which was previously regulated under Law No. 14 of 2001 on Patent Law.
Implementing the Tax Amnesty: Making the Most of Government Clemency
In a bid to provide more resources for taxpayers who are attempting to understand the current tax amnesty, this edition of ILD will discuss the implementation of the tax amnesty and will take a technical approach in accordance with the newly-issued regulations listed above.
Distribution of Vaccine Drugs
This week’s Indonesian Law Digest (ILD) will be looking at issues specifically relating to the legitimate distribution and certification of vaccines according to Indonesia’s various laws and regulations.
New Guidelines on Borrow-to-Use Permits
Recently, the Minister updated these guidelines through the issuance of Ministerial Regulation No. P.50/Menlhk/Setjen/Kum.1/6/2016, which also repeals and replaces the 2014 Guidelines. This update aims to incorporate the various changes made under the 105/2015 Government Regulation.